Ykp Pyc Eng De


Many books and articles, which were published in different times and in different languages,
have been dedicated to the life of the Bukovinian Jews.
Many of these books can be found in the museum's collection
and some of them are accessible online.
"How Goodly Are Thy Tents, O Jacob..." Wall Paintings in Bukovinian Synagogues. Catalogue of the Exhibition / edited by Mykola Kuschnir, Eugeny Kotlyar, Anna Yamchuk. - Chernivtsi-Kyiv: The Chernivtsi Museum of the History and Culture of Bukovinian Jews, "DUH-I-LITERA, 2016. - 172 pp., 133 figs.

The catalogue presents the materials of a photographic exhibition dedicated to the wall paintings of eight synagogues located in the Northern (Ukrainian) and Southern (Romanian) Bukovinian region. The catalogue features analytical articles, historical reviews and recent photographs with descriptions and explanations, as well as graphic reconstructions.
They shape a holistic view of the eastern European tradition of synagogue wall painting and its regional peculiarities. An in-depth analysis of the iconography, semantics and artistic approaches to traditional motifs enables the reader to realise the profound spiritual content and social value of the cultural heritage of Eastern European Jewry largely lost during Holocaust and as a result of policies of the post-war authoritarian regimes.

(Photos and illustrations).

    One of the most sources for Bukovinian Jewish history is the collection of articles and memories,  Geschichte der Juden in der Bukowina, edited by Hugo Gold. It consists of two volumes and was published in 1958-1962 in Tel Aviv in German.
    The history of the Bukovinian Jewish Community and different aspects of their social, religious and cultural Jewish life are minutely examined in the collection. Many historical photos and illustrations by Bukovinian Jewish artists accompany the articles.

(Photos and illustrations).

Most of the articles in this collection have been translated into English and are accessible online on the website of the Jewish genealogy project  JewishGen.

    An important source for research into the life of the Jews of Bukovina in the Habsburg Monarchy is the collection of documents and materials, "The Jewish Population and the Development of the Jewish National Movement in Bukovina in the Last Quarter of Eighteenth to the Beginning of the Twentieth Century". The authors are the Chernivtsi historians O.Dobrzhanskyi, M.Kushnir and M.Nikirsa. The collection was published in Chernivtsi in 2007 in Ukrainian.

    This collection is the first systematic compilation of documents and materials on the history of the Bukovinian Jews in the period when Bukovina was a part of the Habsburg Monarchy (1774 - 1918). Documents from the State Archive of Chernivtsi oblast, the Austrian State Archive and numerous publications of the Bukovinian press from that time are contained in the book.

Markus Winkler's review of the compilation.

    Israeli art historian Boris Khaimovich’s book, The Work of our Hands to Glorify is dedicated to the murals of the Bejt Tfilah Benjamin synagogue in Chernivtsi.  It acquaints the reader with the visual language of the unknown Jewish artist who created these unique murals. The book was published in Kiev in 2007 in Russian and English.

    The murals of the Bejt Tfilah Benjamin synagogue are among the few works of art that date from the mid-twentieth century which are filled with true religious feelings. Among all the art works that can be found in East European synagogues, these murals are exceptional in the wealth of various motives they contain. Despite the artist’s numerous innovations, these paintings belong to the old medieval art tradition and represent an artistic embodiment of pure religious spirit.

(Photos and illustrations) .

    An issue of L'viv's independent, Ukrainian-language cultural journal "Ї" (#56/2009) is entirely dedicated to the history and culture of Chernivtsi. Authors who contributed to this edition of the journal are famous Ukrainian historians, writers and cultural experts. Almost every article addresses the topic of Jewish presence in the multicultural and multinational Chernivtsi and Bukovina.  Moreover, some articles of the edition are relevant to our museum exhibition and activity. 

The Holocaust on the Periphery. Policy concerning Jews and the destruction of the Jews in Romania and Transnistria from 1940 to 1944. Collection of articles. Edited by Wolfgang Benz and Brigitte Mihok, Berlin 2009 - 263 pages.

After World War II the main opinion in Romanian historiography was that the country was virtually occupied by the Germans. This way the atrocities were attributed to the Nazis. The full historic truth however is more complicated: the country that was allied with Nazi Germany left the Jews in its main territory untouched, but expelled and murdered the Jews in the newly acquired territories Bukovina and Bessarabia without mercy.

The contributions to this collection on the Holocaust are based on an international conference of the Centre for Research on Antisemitism (at Technical University Berlin, translator's note) in 2008. The authors are distinguished Holocaust researchers from Romania, the UK, the United States and Germany, who discuss different aspects of the persecution in Transnistria and give insight to the current discussion on Romanian and German responsibility.

(The book cover)

The Final Report of the International Commission on Holocaust Research in Romania. Abstracts, connected with Bessarabia and Bukovina. Published based on the materials of the book "The Final Report" (by the International Commission on Holocaust Research in Romania; Head: Elie Wiesel, editors: Tuvia Friling, Radu Ioanid, Mihael E. Ionescu. Ia?i, 2005) and materials from the National Archive of the Republic of Moldova.

For a long time Romania refused to acknowledge its participation in the Holocaust at the time of the pro-Nazi regime of General Ion Antonescu. In 2003 the Romanian government decided to clear this situation and called an international commission of historians chaired by Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel, which minutely studied this period of the country's history and came to a conclusion that was unfortunate for Romania.

According to the commission's report, 400,000 Romanian and Ukrainian Jews died because of the state terror from 1940 to 1944.

(The book cover)

Markus Winkler: Jewish identities in a communicative space: press, language and theatre in Czernowitz until 1923.
Bremen 2007. 322p.

This monograph focuses on Jews and the German-language and Jewish press in Czernowitz (the capital of Bukovina) from the 1880s till 1923. It presents a diversified history of the cultural and political development of Czernowitz Jewry. The analysis is based on a large and important body of primary sources (German-language press and documents), and the use of methodologies from linguistics (Critical Discourse Analysis) and media sciences.
Czernowitz had been a centre of the German and Yiddish languages and cultures in the Habsburg Monarchy since the 1850s, and a focus of the Jewish-National and socialist movements. This was reflected particularly in a diverse German-language press.
The most important German-language newspapers published before and after the inter-war period (1918-1940) were edited by Jews, and provided a space of communication for Jews to maintain their identity. The thesis explores the content and evolution of Jewish identities after Czernowitz came under Romanian rule in 1918 through the analysis of two issues: the language battle (German - Yiddish - Hebrew - Romanian), and the theatre, both of which played a significant role in the Jewish nation-building process.

Project "Jewish Chernivtsi. Unforgotten Image".
© 2010 - Galina Kharaz. Website concept, design, selection of materials.