One of the most fundamental
researches on the Bukovinian Jewish history is the collection of
articles and memories "Geschichte der Juden in der Bukowina",
edited by Hugo Gold. It consists of two volumes and was
published in 1958-1962 in Tel Aviv in German.
The history of
the Bukovinian Jewish Community and different aspects of the social,
religious and cultural Jewish life are minutely examined in the
collection. The articles are accompanied by many historical photos and
illustrations by Bukovinian Jewish artists.
(Photos and illustrations).
Almost all articles of the
collection were translated into English and
are accessible online on the website of the Jewish genealogy project JewishGen.
An important source for
research of the life of the Jewish inhabitants of Bukovina in the
Austro-Hungarian times is the collection of documents and materials "The
Jewish population and the development of the Jewish national movement
in Bukovina in the last quarter of 18th to the beginning of the 20th
century". The authors are the Chernivtsi historians O.Dobrzhanskyi,
M.Kushnir and M.Nikirsa. The collection was published in
Chernivtsi in 2007 in Ukrainian and Russian, and it was reissued in
2010 in German.
This collection is the first systematic compilation
of documents and materials on the history of the Bukovinian Jews in the
period when Bukovina was a part of the Habsburg Empire (1774 - 1918).
Documents from the funds of the State archive of Chernivtsi oblast,
Austrian State Archive and numerous publications of the Bukovynian
press from that time are presented in the book.
M.Winkler's review on the German edition of
The book of the Israeli art
historian Boris Khaimovich "The Work of our Hands to Glorify"
is dedicated to the murals of the Bejt Tfilah Benjamin synagogue in
Chernivtsi and acquaints the reader with visual language of the unknown
Jewish artist who created these unique murals. The book was published
in Kiev in 2007 in Russian and English.
The murals of the Bejt Tfilah Benjamin synagogue belong to the few art
works from the middle of the 20th century which are filled with true
religious feelings. They present one of the most extensive achievements
of pictorial art to be found in all of the synagogues of Eastern Europe
that were discovered in our times. Despite of numerous innovations by
the artist, these paintings belong to the old medieval art tradition
and represent an artistic embodiment of pure religious spirit.
(Photos and illustrations) .
An issue of L'viv's
independent cultural journal "Ї" (#56/2009) which
is entirely dedicated to the history and culture of Chernivtsi. Authors
of the edition are famous Ukrainian historians, writers and culture
experts. Almost every article, in one way or another, concerns the
topic of Jewish presence in the multicultural and multinational
surroundings of Chernivtsi and Bukovina, and some articles of the
edition are directly relevant for our museum's exhibition and activity.
The edition is in Ukrainian.
Holocaust on the Periphery. Policy concerning Jews and the destruction
of the Jews in Romania and Transnistria from 1940 to 1944.
Collection of articles. Edited by Wolfgang Benz and Brigitte
Mihok, Berlin 2009 - 263 pages.
After World War II the main opinion in Romanian historiography was that
the country was virtually occupied by the Germans. This way the
atrocities were attributed to the Nazis. The full historic truth
however is more complicated: the country that was allied with Nazi
Germany left the Jews in its main territory untouched, but expelled and
murdered the Jews in the newly acquired territories Bukovina and
Bessarabia without mercy.
The contributions to this collection on the Holocaust are based on an
international conference of the Centre for Research on Antisemitism (at
Technical University Berlin, translator's note) in 2008. The authors
are distinguished Holocaust researchers from Romania, the UK, the
United States and Germany, who discuss different aspects of the
persecution in Transnistria and give insight to the current discussion
on Romanian and German responsibility.
(The book cover)
The Final Report of
the International Commission on Holocaust Research in Romania.
Abstracts, connected with Bessarabia and Bukovina.
Published based on the materials of the book "The Final
Report" (by the International Commission on Holocaust Research in
Romania; Head: Elie Wiesel, editors: Tuvia Friling, Radu Ioanid, Mihael
E. Ionescu. Ia?i, 2005) and materials from the National Archive of the
Republic of Moldova.
For a long time Romania refused to acknowledge its
participation in the Holocaust at the time of the pro-Nazi regime of
General Ion Antonescu. In 2003 the Romanian government decided to clear
this situation and called an international commission of historians
chaired by Nobel Laureate Elie Wiesel, which minutely studied this
period of the country's history and came to a conclusion that was
unfortunate for Romania.
According to the
commission's report, 400,000 Romanian and Ukrainian Jews died because
of the state terror from 1940 to 1944.
(The book cover)
Markus Winkler: Jewish
identities in a communicative space: press, language and theatre in
Czernowitz until 1923.
This monograph focuses on Jews and the
German-language and Jewish press in Czernowitz (the capital of
Bukovina) from the 1880s till 1923.
It presents a diversified history of the cultural and political
development of Czernowitz Jewry. The analysis is based on a large and
important body of primary sources (German-language press and
documents), and the use of methodologies from linguistics (Critical
Discourse Analysis) and media sciences.
Czernowitz had been
a centre of the German and Yiddish languages and cultures in the
Habsburg Monarchy since the 1850s, and a focus of the Jewish-National
and socialist movements. This was reflected particularly in a diverse
The most important German-language
newspapers published before and after the inter-war period (1918-1940)
were edited by Jews, and provided a space of communication for Jews to
maintain their identity. The thesis explores the content and evolution
of Jewish identities after Czernowitz came under Romanian rule in 1918
through the analysis of two issues: the language battle (German -
Yiddish - Hebrew - Romanian), and the theatre, both of which played a
significant role in the Jewish nation-building process.